We often use terms on our website that not everyone will be familiar with, so we thought it would be a good idea to give a definition of some of the more common terms which are used in the fabric printing world :
Yarn: A bundle of fibres twisted together. Yarn is used in both weaving and knitting to create fabric.
Selvage: The self-finished edge of the fabric that prevents it from unravelling. Selvages are often used in sewing as a reference point.
Grain: The direction of the threads in the fabric. Fabrics have both a lengthwise grain and a crosswise grain.
Bias: A diagonal line across the fabric at a 45-degree angle to the grain. Cutting on the bias allows for greater stretch and drape.
Warp: The threads running lengthwise in a woven fabric. They are typically the stronger and less elastic threads.
Weft: The threads running crosswise in a woven fabric. They are generally more pliable and provide width wise stability.
GSM (Grams per Square Metre): A measure of fabric weight, indicating how many grams one square metre of the fabric weighs.
Thread Count: The number of threads per square inch in a woven fabric. Higher thread counts often indicate finer, smoother fabrics.
Knit: A fabric created by interlocking loops of yarn, producing a stretchy and flexible material. Examples include jersey and rib knits.
Woven: A fabric made by interlacing warp and weft threads at right angles to each other. This produces a more stable and less stretchy material.
DPI: It stands for "Dots Per Inch." It is a measure of the image quality of digital artwork. It refers to the number of dots (pixels) that can be placed in a one inch line. You may also come across PPI, when using design software. This stands for "Pixels Per Inch", and is also a metric for determining image quality.
We hope these definitions will help you better understand our website so you can create your very own custom fabric.